1. In general, women are smarter than men.2. By and large, nobody wants to die.
 in general generally speaking by and large這些詞都指「總的來說」或「大致上來說」
這是一個連環問題: 燃燒石油導致二氧化碳增加，二氧化碳增加導致溫室效應，溫室效應導致冰層融化、海平面上升。 (請填空)
This is a chain of problems. Burning oil leads to increase in carbon dioxide, which leads to the reenhouse effect, which leads to melting of glaciers, which leads to rising sea levels.